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中文题目: 近代地主退佃原因探析
英文题目: An Analysis of the Reasons for the Landlord’s Retreat from Tenancy in Modern China
作 者: 李昕升,杜新豪    
刊物名称: 古今农业
发表年度: 2020
卷:
期: 2
页码: 91-97
中文摘要: 进入近代,地主退佃更加猖狂,传统封建社会的地主为了保证地租收入、攫取高额地租、直接侵吞押租而选择退佃,在近代更加缺乏约束,肆无忌惮。地主退佃自耕古已有之,近代随着资本主义商品经济的发展,地主退佃呈现出为了发展资本主义农业经营这样新的原因。佃农面临随时退佃的危险,严重阻碍了农业生产力的发展。
英文摘要: In modern times, the landlord’s retreat from tenancy became more rampant. In order to ensure the income of land rent, grab high rent and directly embezzle the rent, the landlord in the traditional feudal society chose to withdraw from tenancy. In modern times, they were even less constrained and unscrupulous. With the development of capitalist commodity economy in modern times, the new reason of landlord’s withdrawal from tenancy is to develop capitalist agricultural management. Tenant farmers are faced with the danger of retiring at any time, which seriously hinders the development of agricultural productivity.

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